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Human articular cartilage proteoglycans are not undersulfated in osteoarthritis.
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland. (Chondrogenic and Osteogenic Differentiation Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1710-7715
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland. (Chondrogenic and Osteogenic Differentiation Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6181-9904
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2007 (English)In: Connective Tissue Research, ISSN 0300-8207, E-ISSN 1607-8438, Vol. 48, no 1, 27-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Chondroitin sulfate is the major constituent of cartilage. Inadequate sulfate availability results in the production of undersulfated proteoglycans. In osteoarthritis, there is a net loss of articular cartilage proteoglycans. Theoretically, it is possible that during the progress of disease undersulfated glycosaminoglycans are synthesized producing proteoglycans with poorer biological properties. In this study, we tested whether in early human osteoarthritic articular cartilage (Mankin's score of 2 and 3) or more advanced disease (Mankin's score over 3), there are proteoglycans that contain a higher relative amount of nonsulfated chondroitin disaccharide isomer in their chondroitin sulfate chains by analyzing the molar ratios of chondroitin sulfate disaccharide isoforms with fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis. Our results indicated that the nonsulfated disaccharide of chondroitin sulfate formed in average only 1-2% of the total chondroitin sulfate. More important, the molar ratio of nonsulfated disaccharide did not appear to be increased in the osteoarthritic articular cartilage. We conclude that undersulfation of articular cartilage proteoglycans is not present in the human osteoarthritic joint.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2007. Vol. 48, no 1, 27-33 p.
Keyword [en]
Articular cartilage, chondroitin sulfate, osteoarthritis, proteoglycan, sulfation
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Orthopedics
Research subject
Biochemistry; cellforskning; Orthopaedics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106638DOI: 10.1080/03008200601044128PubMedID: 17364664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-106638DiVA: diva2:843102
Available from: 2015-07-26 Created: 2015-07-26 Last updated: 2017-12-04

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