20,000 14C Years of Climate and Environmental Change in Europe: A Coleopteran-based Reconstruction with an Anthropocenic Focus
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This thesis builds on the work of previous coleopteran-based climatic reconstructions to recreate the environment and climate of the last 20,000 14C years of northwest Europe using the data and methods available within the Bugs Coleopteran Ecology Package, and aims to assess the ability of the BugsCEP results to provide information regarding events and anthropogenic changes on environment during the Anthropocene. Samples and data from 134 sites across northwest Europe and the British Isles were included in this study. The Mutual Climatic Range method and the BugStats module based on habitat code classifications were used to create the climatic and environmental reconstructions respectively, the results of which are provided in eight isotherm maps for 14.5-9 14C years BP and 2 EcoFigure graphs for 20,000 14C to present. While the results of some isotherm maps align with the changes described in previous studies, other climate trends are muted within these results. Likewise, some previously recognized environmental shifts in Europe are visible, whereas other major events are not distinguishable within the environmental record. An assessment of the environmental reconstruction results finds that though there is not sufficient material to support any proposed Anthropocene start dates, effects of anthropogenic influence upon the environment may be visible starting within the last 2,000 14C years; the results also show some support for the Vera Hypothesis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 48 p.
archaeology, beetle, Anthropocene, climate, coleoptera, coleopteran, Bugs, BugsCEP, Vera Hypothesis, Holocene, database, Quaternary, entomology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106655OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-106655DiVA: diva2:843217
Master's Programme in Environmental Archaeology
2015-06-04, 09:00 (English)
Buckland, Philip, Associate Head of Department
Linderholm, Johan, Senior lecturer (associate professor)