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Profiles of perfectionism, parental climate, and burnout among competitive junior athletes
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 26, no 10, 1256-1264 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent research suggests that groups of athletes can be identified that differ in terms of perfectionism and perceptions of achievement climate. Moreover, these groups also differ in terms of burnout symptoms. The purpose of the current study was to extend this research by examining whether discernable groups can be identified based on scores of perfectionism and perceptions of parent-initiated climate and, then, whether these groups differ in terms of burnout. Two-hundred and thirty-seven Swedish junior athletes (124 male and 113 female aged 16-19) from a variety of sports completed measures of athlete burnout, multidimensional perfectionism, and parent-initiated motivational climate. Latent profile analysis identified four groups: non-perfectionistic athletes in a task-oriented climate, moderately perfectionistic athletes in a task-oriented climate, highly perfectionistic athletes in a task-oriented climate, and highly perfectionistic athletes in a mixed climate. The latter two groups reported higher levels of burnout in comparison to other groups. The findings suggest that junior athletes high in perfectionism may be at comparatively greater risk to burnout and that this may especially be the case when they perceive their parents to emphasize concerns about failure and winning without trying one's best.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. Vol. 26, no 10, 1256-1264 p.
Keyword [en]
Personality, Performance, Stress, Motivation
National Category
Applied Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106927DOI: 10.1111/sms.12553ISI: 000386937200015PubMedID: 26408202OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-106927DiVA: diva2:845792
Available from: 2015-08-13 Created: 2015-08-13 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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