Two consecutive randomized controlled pertussis booster trials in children initially vaccinated in infancy with an acellular vaccine: The first with a five-component Tdap vaccine to 5-year olds and the second with five- or monocomponent Tdap vaccines at age 14-15 years
2015 (English)In: Vaccine, ISSN 0264-410X, E-ISSN 1873-2518, Vol. 33, no 31, 3717-3725 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Prior study children from a DTaP efficacy trial were recruited at ages 5 and 15 years to randomized booster trials addressing immunogenicity and reactogenicity; 475 preschool children received mixed or separate injections of a reduced antigen vaccine (Tdap5, Sanofi Pasteur MSD) and an inactivated polio vaccine, and 230 adolescents received the same or another booster vaccine (Tdap1, SSI, Denmark). Pre-vaccination antibody concentrations against pertussis antigens were significantly higher at 15 than 5 years of age, probably due to natural boosting between the studies. Tdap5 induced comparable anti-PT concentrations at both ages, but antibody responses were significantly higher to filamentous haemagglutinin, pertactin and fimbriae 2/3 in adolescents. As expected, a higher amount of PT (Tdap1, 20 mu g) induced a stronger anti-PT response than a lower amount (Tdap5, 2.5 mu g). The frequency of adverse events was low and there were no serious adverse reactions. All local reactions had an early onset and a short duration. A large swelling or redness of more than half of the upper arm circumference was reported in 8/475 5-year-olds and in 6/230 15-year-olds. Children vaccinated with Tdap5 reported more moderate pain in adolescence than at preschool age, whereas itching was only reported in preschool children. Sweden introduced DTaP vaccines in 1996 after a 17-year hiatus with no general pertussis vaccination and pertussis was still endemic at the time of the studies. The frequency of adverse events was nevertheless low in both preschool children and adolescents and antibody responses were adequate. These studies document immunogenicity and reactogenicity in a trial cohort consecutively vaccinated with acellular pertussis vaccines from infancy to adolescence. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 33, no 31, 3717-3725 p.
Pertussis, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Vaccine, Acellular, Booster, Preschool, Adolescent, Immunization, munogenicity, Adverse effect, Reactogenicity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106778DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.05.079ISI: 000358096000018PubMedID: 26057135OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-106778DiVA: diva2:846213