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Arctopias: the Arctic as No Place and New Place in fiction
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. (Arcum)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4960-3251
2015 (English)In: The new Arctic / [ed] Birgitta Evengård, Joan Nymand Larsen and Øyvind Paasche, Cham: Springer, 2015, 69-77 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In fiction written from the outside, i. e., not by the indigenous population, an Arctic setting has long been used to emphasise the tough and heroic qualities of predominantly male main characters. The primary genres have been adventure stories and thrillers, with the region depicted as a natural rather than a social world. But there is also a counter-tradition where the Arctic is perceived as the route to or the place of an alternative world. Such utopian, or Arctopian works, appear in the nineteenth century when Arctic exploration maintained public interest and seem to reappear in the form of so-called cli-fi or climate fiction today. The works usually describe new forms of social organisation, and as a result, they contribute to changing persistent ideas about the Arctic as pristine nature. At the same time, genre characteristics rely on conventional ideas of the Arctic as empty space, which means that fantasies of the region continue to play a comparatively important role, despite increasing knowledge about actual conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2015. 69-77 p.
Keyword [en]
Arctic, utopian fiction, hollow-earth fiction, climate fiction, Mary E. Bradley Lane Mizora: A Prophecy, Tobias Buckell Arctic Rising
National Category
Specific Literatures General Literature Studies
Research subject
English; Literature
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107029DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-17602-4_6ISBN: 978-3-319-17601-7OAI: diva2:846486
Available from: 2015-08-17 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2016-05-17Bibliographically approved

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Hansson, Heidi
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Department of language studiesArctic Research Centre at Umeå University
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