Sport policy in Sweden
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, ISSN 1940-6940Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Contemporary sport policy in Sweden is the result of a century-long relationshipbetween national and local governments and voluntary, non-profit and membershipbasedclub sport which has resulted in extensive financial support to organised sport.The relationship is defined by an ‘implicit contract’ in which the government decideson the extent and the purpose of the funding, and the recipient, the Swedish SportsConfederation, determines the details of the distribution and administration. Thesefunds are distributed to 20,164 sport clubs and their 3,147,000 members in exchangefor the realisation of social policies on public health and the fostering of democraticcitizens. While an important cornerstone of the relationship has been the autonomy andself-determination of the recipient of the funds in their capacities as civil societyorganisations, recent decades have witnessed an increase in demands on performanceoutputs. These demands have explicated a wider social responsibility for organisedsport and entailed a system for follow-up and control of the results of the governmentsupport via key performance indicators. In these ways, the corporatist agreement andconsensus traditionally characterising the public–civil society interaction has beenaccompanied by governing mechanisms associated with neo-liberal ideologies whichin turn are putting the sustainability of the implicit contract to the test.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
sport policy development; government involvement; civil society; sport organisation; sport governance; Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107038DOI: 10.1080/19406940.2015.1063530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-107038DiVA: diva2:846604