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Ultrasound indentation of normal and spontaneously degenerated bovine articular cartilage.
Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland; Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland; Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland; Department of Applied Physics, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
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2003 (English)In: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, ISSN 1063-4584, E-ISSN 1522-9653, Vol. 11, no 9, 697-705 p., 12954241Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: We have previously developed a handheld ultrasound indentation instrument for the diagnosis of cartilage degeneration. The instrument has been demonstrated to be capable of quantifying mechanical and acoustic properties of enzymatically degraded and normal bovine articular cartilage in vitro and in situ. The aim of this study was to investigate the sensitivity of the instrument to distinguish between normal and spontaneously degenerated (e.g., in osteoarthrosis) articular cartilage in vitro.

DESIGN: Thirty articular cartilage samples were prepared from the bovine lateral patellae: 19 patellae with different degenerative stages and 11 patellae with visually normal appearance. Cartilage thickness, stiffness (dynamic modulus) and ultrasound reflection from the cartilage surface were measured with the handheld instrument. Subsequently, biomechanical, histological and biochemical reference measurements were conducted.

RESULTS: Reproducibility of the measurements with the ultrasound indentation instrument was good. Standardized coefficient of variation was < or =6.1% for thickness, dynamic modulus and reflection coefficient. Linear correlation between the dynamic modulus, measured with the ultrasound indentation instrument, and the reference dynamic modulus was high (r=0.993, n=30, P<0.05). Ultrasound reflection coefficient, as determined from the cartilage surface, showed high linear correlations (typically r(2)>0.64, n=30, P<0.05) with the cartilage composition and histological or mechanical properties. The instrument was superior compared to visual evaluation in detecting tissue degeneration.

CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the ultrasound indentation technique and instrument may significantly improve the early diagnosis of cartilage degeneration. The results revealed that visual evaluation is insensitive for estimating the structural and mechanical properties of articular cartilage at the initial stages of degeneration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Saunders Elsevier, 2003. Vol. 11, no 9, 697-705 p., 12954241
Keyword [en]
Articular cartilage, osteoarthritis, ultrasound, indentation, diagnosis
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging Orthopedics
Research subject
Orthopaedics; Radiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107040DOI: 10.1016/S1063-4584(03)00154-7PubMedID: 12954241OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-107040DiVA: diva2:846633
Available from: 2015-08-17 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2017-12-04

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