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Analysis of lapine cartilage matrix after radiosynovectomy with holmium-166 ferric hydroxide macroaggregate.
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland. (Chondrogenic and Osteogenic Differentiation Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6181-9904
Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
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2003 (English)In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 62, no 1, 43-49 p., 12480668Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To study the short and long term effects of radiosynovectomy on articular cartilage in growing and mature rabbits.

METHODS: The articular cartilage of the distal femurs of rabbits was examined four days, two months, and one year after radiosynovectomy with holmium-166 ferric hydroxide macroaggregate ([(166)Ho]FHMA). Arthritic changes were evaluated from histological sections by conventional and polarised light microscopy, and glycosaminoglycan measurements using safranin O staining, digital densitometry, and uronic acid determination. Proteoglycan synthesis was studied by metabolic [(35)]sulphate labelling followed by autoradiography, and electrophoretic analysis of extracted proteoglycans. Northern analyses were performed to determine the mRNA levels of type II collagen, aggrecan, and Sox9 in cartilage samples.

RESULTS: Radiosynovectomy had no major effect on the histological appearance of articular cartilage in mature rabbits, whereas more fibrillation was seen in [(166)Ho]FHMA radiosynovectomised knee joints of growing rabbits two months after treatment, but not after one year. Radiosynovectomy did not cause changes in the glycosaminoglycan content of cartilage or in the synthesis or chemical structure of proteoglycans. No radiosynovectomy related changes were seen in the mRNA levels of type II collagen, whereas a transient down regulation of aggrecan and Sox9 mRNA levels was seen in young rabbits two months after [(166)Ho]FHMA radiosynovectomy.

CONCLUSIONS: [(166)Ho]FHMA radiosynovectomy caused no obvious chondrocyte damage or osteoarthritic changes in mature rabbits, but in growing rabbits some transient radiation induced effects were seen--for example, mild cartilage fibrillation and down regulation of cartilage-specific genes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 62, no 1, 43-49 p., 12480668
Keyword [en]
Articular cartilage, radiosynovectomy, holmium-166, proteoglycans, collagen
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Research subject
Biochemistry; Molecular Biology; Medicine, rheumatology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107055DOI: 10.1136/ard.62.1.43PubMedID: 12480668OAI: diva2:846789
Available from: 2015-08-18 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2015-08-18

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