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Att Analysera Begreppet Sjukdom genom Searles Allmänna Teori om Institutionella fakta
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

This essay describes and summarizes contemporary philosophical discussion of how to analyze and conceptualize the notion of disease through a naturalistic and a normativistic standpoint. In concluding that the notion of disease have one stem in naturalistic reasoning, and one stem in normative reasoning, both hybrid theory and Ereshefsky’s “alternative approach” are investigated and shown not to be satisfactory. The essay then investigates how both the naturalistic concept and the normativistic concept of disease could be unified through John Searle’s theory of institutional facts. If the concept of disease could be analyzed and conceptualized through Searle’s theory, the effect would be that both naturalistic and normativistic reasoning about the notion could be handled, though the normativisitic approach will have a conceptual priority towards the naturalistic approach. Some further questions regarding the construction of such facts are also identified and believed to being able to further the understanding how to correctly analyze the concept of disease.

Keywords: Disease, Illness, Naturalism, Normativism, Hybrid theory, Ereshefsky, Social Construction, Searle

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Disease, Illness, Naturalism, Normativism, Hybrid theory, Ereshefsky, Social Construction, Searle
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107108OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-107108DiVA: diva2:846903
Subject / course
Philosophy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-18 Created: 2015-08-18

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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