Communication and protocol compliance and their relation to the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): a mixed-methods study of simulated telephone-assisted CPR
2015 (English)In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 23, no 3, 254-259 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Background: In the event of a cardiac arrest, emergency medical dispatchers (EMDs) play a critical role by providing telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (T-CPR) to laypersons. The aim of our investigation was to describe compliance with the T-CPR protocol, the performance of the laypersons in a simulated T-CPR situation, and the communication between laypersons and EMDs during these actions. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study by analysing 20 recorded video and audio files. In a simulation, EMDs provided laypersons with instructions following T-CPR protocols. These were then analysed using a mixed method with convergent parallel design. Results: If the EMDs complied with the T-CPR protocol, the laypersons performed the correct procedures in 71% of the actions. The single most challenging instruction of the T-CPR protocol, for both EMDs and laypersons, was airway control. Mean values for compression depth and frequency did not reach established guideline goals for CPR. Conclusion: Proper application of T-CPR protocols by EMDs resulted in better performance by laypersons in CPR. The most problematic task for EMDs as well for laypersons was airway management. The study results did not establish that the quality of communication between EMDs and laypersons performing CPR in a cardiac arrest situation led to statistically different outcomes, as measured by the quality and effectiveness of the CPR delivered.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 23, no 3, 254-259 p.
telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (T-CPR), emergency medical dispatcher (EMD), laypersons, communication, mixed method
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107305DOI: 10.1016/j.ienj.2014.12.001ISI: 000358461400009PubMedID: 25680743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-107305DiVA: diva2:848159