Local stimulation of proteoglycan synthesis in articular cartilage explants by dynamic compression in vitro.
1992 (English)In: Journal of Orthopaedic Research, ISSN 0736-0266, E-ISSN 1554-527X, Vol. 10, no 5, 610-620 p., 1500975Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cultured bovine articular cartilage was subjected to 50 ms, 0.5-1.0 MPa compressions repeated at intervals of 2-60 s for 1.5 h and simultaneously labeled with 35SO4. The compression was delivered with a 4-mm-diameter nonporous loading head on an 8-mm-diameter cartilage explant. This method created directly compressed (central) and uncompressed (border) areas within the tissue. Analysis of the whole explant under a 0.5 MPa load showed significantly increased 35SO4 incorporation by compression repeated at 2- and 4-s but not at 20- and 60-s intervals. When the incorporation was studied separately in the border and central areas, a statistically significant stimulation was noticed in the central area with a 4-s cycle, while the border area was stimulated with a 2-s cycle. Autoradiography of the central area showed that the stimulation with 0.5 MPa and a 4-s cycle occurred through the whole depth of the cartilage, while raising the pressure to 1 MPa or the frequency to 2 s reduced the stimulation, particularly in the superficial cartilage. In the border area the stimulation with 0.5 MPa and a 2-s cycle was noted in the superficial zone only. The stimulation of proteoglycan synthesis is thus limited to certain loading frequencies and pressures and occurs in specific areas under and around the loaded site. Its rapid appearance suggests enhanced glycosylation or sulfation of core proteins or enhanced speed of posttranslational processing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 1992. Vol. 10, no 5, 610-620 p., 1500975
Articular cartilage, mechabiology, dynamic compression, proteoglycan biosynthesis
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-108504DOI: 10.1002/jor.1100100503PubMedID: 1500975OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-108504DiVA: diva2:853242