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Explaining Late Quaternary beetle extinctions in the UK using palaeoenvironmental databases for quantitative environmental reconstruction
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab. (Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet ; Arcum)
Linnaeus University, Sweden.
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The comparison of palaeoenvironmental and archaeological records of fossil insects with modern red data books can provide a picture of local extinctions. Buckland & Buckland (2012) performed such a study on the Coleoptera of the British Isles, using the BugsCEP database for the fossil data, and looking at broad chronological divisions. The ecology of these regionally extinct beetles, all of which are extant in other parts of the World, may be used to investigate the environmental and climatic changes which may have lead to their extirpation. This process can be semi-automated and habitats quantified through the use of ecological classification and a database infrastructure which links fossil and modern ecological and climate data (Buckland & Buckland 2006; http://www.bugscep.com). Preliminary results indicate that the majority of extirpated species with mid-Holocene records were dependent on woodland environments (Buckland 2014). These investigations can be refined by using narrower time-slices, interpolating dating evidence and including more comprehensive archaeological dating evidence. The expansion of the analysis to include the full assemblages found in the samples containing the extirpated species also allows for a more comprehensive picture of the long-term relationships between biodiversity, environmental and climatic change and human activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
beetles, Coleoptera, habitat, biogeography, extinctions, climate change, environmental change
National Category
Ecology History and Archaeology Archaeology Physical Geography Geology
Research subject
Entomology; Archaeology; Quarternary Geology; environmental archaeology; biology, Environmental Science; Conservation Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-109420OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-109420DiVA: diva2:857101
Conference
The XIX INQUA Congress: Quaternary Perspectives on Climate Change, Natural Hazards and Civilization, Nagoya, Japan, 26 Jul - 2 Aug, 2015
Projects
BugsCEP
Note

Abstract will be published in conference abstract volume.

Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-09-28 Last updated: 2017-05-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Presentation(3508 kB)93 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 3508 kBChecksum SHA-512
c85cd97ba52ffd18a33018dd7e2277fafa2aeefedd9ef678dfcfd951acc89bf93bec4b9e82c551bf915d2dba986e4312f919e2da7764ceda8da9206f5d362026
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf