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Hydrogen storage in high surface area graphene scaffolds
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Technische Universität Dresden, Theoretische Chemie, Bergstraße 66b, 01062 Dresden, Germany .
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2015 (English)In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 51, no 83, p. 15280-15283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using an optimized KOH activation procedure we prepared highly porous graphene scaffold materials with SSA values up to 3400 m2 g−1 and a pore volume up to 2.2 cm3 g−1, which are among the highest for carbon materials. Hydrogen uptake of activated graphene samples was evaluated in a broad temperature interval (77–296 K). After additional activation by hydrogen annealing the maximal excess H2 uptake of 7.5 wt% was obtained at 77 K. A hydrogen storage value as high as 4 wt% was observed already at 193 K (120 bar H2), a temperature of solid CO2, which can be easily maintained using common industrial refrigeration methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015. Vol. 51, no 83, p. 15280-15283
Keyword [en]
graphene hydrogen storage adsorption
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-109475DOI: 10.1039/c5cc05474eISI: 000363167000013PubMedID: 26335949OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-109475DiVA, id: diva2:857221
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2012-3654
Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-09-28 Last updated: 2018-03-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Graphite oxides for preparation of graphene related materials: structure, chemical modification and hydrogen storage properties
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Graphite oxides for preparation of graphene related materials: structure, chemical modification and hydrogen storage properties
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Carbon materials have been studied for hydrogen storage for decades, but they showed too low capacity at ambient temperature compared to target values for practical applications. This thesis includes two parts. First one is fundamental study of graphite oxides (GO) structure and properties. Second part is focused on hydrogen storage properties of graphene related materials prepared using GO as a precursor.

We studied the effects of synthesis methods and oxidation degree on solvation/intercalation properties of GOs. New effect of temperature induced reversible delamination was observed for Hummers GO (HGO) immersed in liquid acetonitrile. Experiments with swelling of Brodie GO (BGO) in 1-octanol revealed parallel orientation of the intercalated solvent molecules relative to graphene oxide (GnO) layers. Chemical functionalization of GO in swelled state allowed us to synthesize the materials with subnanometer slit pores supported by molecular pillars. Structure and properties of pillared GO were characterized by variety of methods. Swelling properties of multilayered GnO membranes were compared to properties of precursor GO. GnO membranes were found to swell similarly to GO powders in some solvents and rather differently in other. Our experiments revealed important limitations in application of GO membranes for nanofiltration. Several parameters were found to affect the size of permeation “channels” provided by interlayers of GnO membrane structure: e.g. nature of solvent, pH of solutions and concentration of solutes.

Hydrogen storage parameters were studied for a set of graphene related materials with broad range of surface areas (SSA) (200 - 3300 m2/g). Hydrogen sorption weight percent (wt%) is found to correlate with SSA for all studied graphene materials following the trend standard for other nanostructured carbon materials. The highest hydrogen uptakes of ~1.2 wt% at 296 K and ~7.5 wt% at 77 K were measured for graphene material with SSA of over 3000 m2/g. Addition of Pd and Pt nanoparticles to graphene materials did not resulted in improvement of hydrogen storage compared to nanoparticles-free samples. No deviation from the standard wt% vs. SSA trends was also observed for pillared GO materials. Therefore, hydrogen storage properties of graphene related materials at room temperatures are not confirmed to be exceptional. However, high surface area graphene materials are found to be among the best materials for physisorption of hydrogen at liquid nitrogen temperature. Moreover, hydrogen storage capacity of 4 wt%, comparable to target values, was observed at temperature of solid CO2 (193 K) which can be maintained using common refrigeration methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2018. p. 117
Keyword
Graphite oxide, graphene oxide, hydrogen storage, nanomaterials, adsorption, surface area, pore volume
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Research subject
Materials Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144270 (URN)978-91-7601-841-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-03-02, N430, Naturvetarhuset, Umeå, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-01-29 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved

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