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Tentacle cnidae of the sea anemone Metridium senile (Linnaeus, 1761) (Cnidaria: Anthozoa)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2010 (English)In: Scientia Marina, ISSN 0214-8358, E-ISSN 1886-8134, Vol. 74, no 3, 511-521 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tentacle cnidae of Metridium senile (Linnaeus, 1761) were examined by light microscopy. In addition to spirocysts, feeding-tentacles had 3 nematocyst categories grouped into medium and small size-classes, including 5 types. Spirocysts dominated, especially distally, followed by medium b-mastigophores. The density of cnidae decreased towards the tentacle base. Early cnidoblasts were numerous on the tentacle tip. Late cnicloblasts appeared in a moderate number on the mid-tentacle. Catch-tentacles, found in two Metridium specimens, had a maturity gradient of isorhizas and gland cells along their length. Their tip had two distinct types of mature isorhizas in great numbers and large gland cells, but lacked spirocysts. Mature isorhizas and gland cells decreased in number towards the tentacle base. On the mid-tentacle differentiating ages of isorhizas were numerous. Ordinary feeding-tentacle cnidae, abundant at the tentacle base, decreased in number distally along the tentacle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 74, no 3, 511-521 p.
Keyword [en]
sea anemone, nematocysts, cnidae, catch-tentacles
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-109693DOI: 10.3989/scimar.2010.74n3511ISI: 000280917100009OAI: diva2:858919
Available from: 2015-10-05 Created: 2015-10-05 Last updated: 2015-10-05Bibliographically approved

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Roat, Carsten
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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
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