From sheltered work to employment: a research overview on transition from welfare state programs to employment
2015 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
People with disabilities participate in the labor market to a lower extent than the general population. Welfare states have responded to this with different kind of programs and measures. Despite this efforts, the participation in the labor market in Sweden seems to decrease for especially young people with intellectual-, neuropsychiatric- and psychiatric disabilities. The paper is based on a research overview, comprising 110 studies on transition from welfare state provided efforts (eg. daily activities, sheltered work etc.) to employment. The focus in the paper is directed towards similarities and differences identified in the research regarding persons with psychiatric- or intellectual disabilities.
The overview shows that one similarity is that support-to-work is complex and that systematic, targeted and individualized approaches is more successful than general measures. Support-to-work should also include an ambition to reduce barriers that arise due to non-work-related factors in the individual's life situation. The individualized support, is however, challenged by the non-flexible structures of the welfare state services.
One of the differences is that work related research in the field of people with psychiatric disabilities reflect a growing interest for employment as a key component for rehabilitation. Another differences is that in the field of intellectual disability the research can be characterized as small-scale qualitative studies focusing on experiences or studies that problematize employment in relation to intellectual disabilities while the research in the field of people with psychiatric disabilities mainly study outcomes and evidence-based work promoting models.
The research review also shows that the following areas are of importance when facilitating transitions from sheltered work to employment: identify, support and over time maintain the individual's motivation to work; individualized planning that focuses on promoting individuals' view of themselves in future work; to encourage staff´s and the environment´s views on individuals' as capable to work; collaboration with other welfare state services and potential work places; create good relationships with potential and existing employers; achieve a good match between the individual and work; provide support that simultaneously benefit both the individual and the workplace and to provide support to overcome barriers to work arising in other areas of life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-109999OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-109999DiVA: diva2:860229
Nordic Network on Disability Research, 13th Research Conference, Bergen, Norway, 6-8 May 2015