Estimating the strength of genetic selection against heritable g in a sample of 3520 Americans, sourced from MIDUS II
2015 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 86, 266-270 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The relationship between IQ and completed fertility among a sample of 3520 Americans from MIDUS II (1960's birth cohorts) is examined using a common factor comprised of eight cognitive ability measures, in order to determine the rate of phenotypic IQ loss due to genetic selection. Negative correlations are present in both the male and female subsamples, and are associated with a predicted loss in heritable g (g.h) of -.262 points per decade, increasing to -1.072 points when the additive effect of mutation accumulation is considered. The ability-fertility associations showed Jensen effects at the level of the whole sample (.167), and also separately for each sex (.185 and .147 for the females and males respectively). The magnitude of the expected g.h loss in this cohort due to selection is comparable to that derived from a meta-analysis of disattenuated decadal g.h declines from eight US studies (-.44 points per decade; N = 127,389). There is a Flynn effect in the US amounting to gains of 3.6 points per decade, which are concentrated on more environmentally plastic and specialized sources of ability variance (se) suggesting co-occurrent socio-ecological specialization with respect to narrower cognitive abilities in the present cohort.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 86, 266-270 p.
Fertility, General intelligence, Jensen effect, USA
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-109432DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.05.032ISI: 000360255000045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-109432DiVA: diva2:860246