Doppler-broadened NICE-OHMS beyond the cavity-limited weak absorption condition – II: experimental verification
2016 (English)In: Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, ISSN 0022-4073, E-ISSN 1879-1352, Vol. 168, 245-256 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Doppler-broadened (Db) noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry (NICE-OHMS) is normally described by an expression, here termed the conventional (CONV) description, that is restricted to the conventional cavity-limited weak absorption condition (CCLWA), i.e. when the single pass absorbance is significantly smaller than the empty cavity losses, i.e. when α0L<<π/F. To describe NICE-OHMS signals beyond this limit two simplified extended descriptions (termed the extended locking and extended transmission description, ELET, and the extended locking and full transmission description, ELFT), which are assumed to be valid under the relaxed cavity-limited weak absorption condition (RCLWA), i.e. when α0L<π/Fα0L<π/F, and a full description (denoted FULL), presumed to be valid also when the α0L<π/Fα0L<π/F condition does not hold, have recently been derived in an accompanying work (Ma W, et al. Doppler-broadened NICE-OHMS beyond the cavity-limited weak absorption condition - I. Theoretical Description. J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2015.09.007, this issue). The present work constitutes an experimental verification and assessment of the validity of these, performed in the Doppler limit for a set of Fα0L/πFα0L/π values (up to 3.5); it is shown under which conditions the various descriptions are valid. It is concluded that for samples with Fα0L/πFα0L/π up to 0.01, all descriptions replicate the data well. It is shown that the CONV description is adequate and provides accurate assessments of the signal strength (and thereby the analyte concentration) up to Fα0L/πFα0L/π of around 0.1, while the ELET is accurate for Fα0L/πFα0L/π up to around 0.3. The ELFT description mimics the Db NICE-OHMS signal well for Fα0L/πFα0L/π up to around unity, while the FULL description is adequate for all Fα0L/πFα0L/π values investigated. Access to these descriptions both increases considerably the dynamic range of the technique and facilitates calibration using certified reference gases, which thereby significantly broadens the applicability of the Db NICE-OHMS technique.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 168, 245-256 p.
NICE OHMS, Frequency modulation spectroscopy, Cavity enhanced spect, Experimental verification
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-110273DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2015.09.008ISI: 000366007000019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-110273DiVA: diva2:861902