Induction of transforming growth factor-beta during cardiac allograft rejection
1993 (English)In: J Immunol, Vol. 151, no 2, 1147-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The polypeptides of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family are potent endogenous immuno-regulators. Using a rat cardiac allograft transplant model, we investigated the expression of the precursor forms of TGF-beta 1, TGF-beta 2, and TGF-beta 3 and the latent TGF-beta binding protein (LTBP) by immunohistochemistry. The activity of TGF-beta in the extracts from transplanted as well as normal hearts was measured using a bioassay, and Northern blot analysis was performed on RNA extracts. The transplanted hearts were analyzed both during acute rejection up to 6 days and during chronic rejection up to 6 mo after transplantation and compared with normal controls. The animals of the chronic rejection group received cyclosporin A for immunosuppression. The TGF-beta bioactivity dramatically increased in the transplanted allografts during the chronic rejection process compared to the normal hearts, and so did the immunostaining as well as the mRNA levels for TGF-beta 1 and, to a lesser extent, the immunostaining for TGF-beta 2. TGF-beta 3 expression remained unchanged and was only found in the myocardium in trace amounts. During the acute rejection process up to 6 days after transplantation, TGF-beta immunoreactivity increased only slightly, whereas the TGF-beta mRNA was severalfold increased. Control animals treated with cyclosporin A showed a similar pattern at day 6 with regard to TGF-beta expression. LTBP was induced simultaneously with TGF-beta 1 and occurred within interstitial spaces of the myocardium. The TGF-beta was produced by macrophage-like infiltrating lymphocytes. In conclusion, highly elevated levels of TGF-beta and LTBP were found during chronic rejection of cardiac allografts in rats. The induction of TGF-beta may counteract the rejection process and could be useful for new therapeutic approaches in the prevention of allograft rejection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 151, no 2, 1147-57 p.
Animals, Blotting, Northern, Carrier Proteins/analysis, *Graft Rejection, Heart Transplantation/*adverse effects, *Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Latent TGF-beta Binding Proteins, Male, Myocardium/metabolism, RNA, Messenger/analysis, Rabbits, Rats, Rats, Inbred WKY, Transforming Growth Factor beta/*biosynthesis/genetics, Transplantation, Homologous
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-110937ISBN: 0022-1767 (Print) 0022-1767 (Linking)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-110937DiVA: diva2:865838
Waltenberger, J Wanders, A Fellstrom, B Miyazono, K Heldin, C H Funa, K eng Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't 1993/07/15 J Immunol. 1993 Jul 15;151(2):1147-57.2015-10-292015-10-292015-10-29