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Genes regulating tight junctions and cell adhesion are altered in early experimental necrotizing enterocolitis
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2013 (English)In: J Pediatr Surg, Vol. 48, no 11, 2308-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) represents one of the gravest complications in preterm infants and carries significant morbidity and mortality. Increased intestinal permeability may play an important role in the pathogenesis of NEC. In this study we investigated the genes regulating structural proteins such as tight junctions (TJ) and cell adhesion in a neonatal rat model of early NEC. METHODS: The studies were performed on Sprague-Dawley rat pups. Experimental NEC was induced using hypoxia/re-oxygenation treatment on day 1 after birth. Intestinal specimens from the ileum were obtained, mRNA was purified, and the transcriptome was analyzed using microarray. RESULTS: We found several TJ genes such as claudins 1, 8, 14, 15, and gap junction protein to be affected. Alterations in genes involved in the inflammatory response was confirmed, along with several genes regulating proteins used as biomarkers for NEC. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that tight junctions and cell adhesion may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of early experimental NEC. Better understanding of the pathogenesis of NEC may lead to novel strategies for the prevention and treatment of NEC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 48, no 11, 2308-12 p.
Keyword [en]
Animals, Animals, Newborn, Anoxia/genetics, Cell Adhesion/*genetics, Cell Adhesion Molecules/biosynthesis/genetics, Disease Models, Animal, Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology/*genetics, Gene Expression Profiling, *Gene Expression Regulation, Hypercapnia/genetics, Ileum/*metabolism, Inflammation, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Oxygen/toxicity, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Tight Junctions/*metabolism, Transcriptome, Cell adhesion, Genes, Microarray, Necrotizing enterocolitis, Tight junction
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-110916ISBN: 1531-5037 (Electronic) 0022-3468 (Linking)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-110916DiVA: diva2:865873
Note

Hogberg, Niclas Stenback, Anders Carlsson, Per-Ola Wanders, Alkwin Lilja, Helene Engstrand eng Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't 2013/11/12 06:00 J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Nov;48(11):2308-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2013.06.027.

Available from: 2015-10-29 Created: 2015-10-29 Last updated: 2015-10-29

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24210204

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Wanders, A.
Basic Medicine

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