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The effects of demographic, cognitive and institutional factors on development of entrepreneurial intention: toward a socio-cognitive model of entrepreneurial career
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8185-6879
2015 (English)In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 13, no 4, 452-476 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Upon a well-established theoretical foundation Social Cognitive Career Theory; Lent, Brown, and Hackett (J Vocat Behav 45:79–122, 1994; J Couns Psychol 47:36–49, 2000), this study examines the effects of cognitive, affective, social, demographic, and contextual factors on the development of entrepreneurial intention. To test the hypotheses, binary logistic regression analysis was conducted using data from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey in which 183,049 individuals nested within 54 countries that participated. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy beliefs and entrepreneurial career outcome expectations are significantly correlated with entrepreneurial intention. Mastery experience including previous business ownership, entrepreneurial activity as part of a regular job or investing in a venture, exposure to a role model, social persuasion through media, and fear of failure are significant sources of entrepreneurial self-efficacy. A moderate relationship exists between country-level institutional profile and the sources of self-efficacy.

Abstract [es]

Sobre una base teórica bien establecida (Teoría de Carrera Cognitiva Social), este estudio examina los efectos de factores cognitivos, demográficos y contextuales, en el desarrollo de la intención emprendedora. Para probar las hipótesis, se realizó un análisis de “regresión logística binaria”. Los datos fueron recogidos mediante la encuesta “Global Entrepreneurship Monitor” en la que participaron 183,049 personas de 54 países. Creencias de autoeficacia emprendedora y expectativas de carrera empresarial se correlacionaron significativamente con la intención emprendedora. Tener un negocio, actividad emprendedora como parte de un trabajo regular, invertir en una empresa, tener un modelo a seguir, la persuasión social a través de medios de comunicación y el miedo al fracaso, son importantes fuentes de autoeficacia emprendedora. Existe una relación moderada entre el perfil institucional del país y las fuentes de autoeficacia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015. Vol. 13, no 4, 452-476 p.
Keyword [en]
Social cognitive career theory, Outcome expectations, Self-efficacy, Entrepreneurial intention, Institutional profile
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111193DOI: 10.1007/s10843-015-0144-xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-111193DiVA: diva2:867925
Note

[Los efectos de factores demográficos, cognitivos e institucionales, sobre el desarrollo de la intención emprendedora : hacia un modelo socio-cognitivo de carrera empresarial]

Available from: 2015-11-07 Created: 2015-11-07 Last updated: 2016-03-22Bibliographically approved

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Dehghanpour Farashah, Ali
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