Endocytic membrane turnover at the leading edge is driven by a transient interaction between Cdc42 and GRAF1
2015 (English)In: Journal of Cell Science, ISSN 0021-9533, E-ISSN 1477-9137, Vol. 128, no 22, 4183-4195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Changes in cell morphology require coordination of plasma membrane turnover and cytoskeleton dynamics, processes that are regulated by Rho GTPases. Here, we describe how a direct interaction between the Rho GTPase Cdc42 and the GTPase activating protein (GAP) GRAF1, facilitate rapid cell surface turnover at the leading edge. Both Cdc42 and GRAF1 were required for fluid phase uptake and regulated the generation of transient GRAF1-coated endocytic carriers, distinct from clathrin coated vesicles. GRAF1 was found to transiently assemble at discrete Cdc42-enriched punctae at the plasma membrane resulting in a corresponding decrease in Cdc42 microdomain association. However, Cdc42 captured in its active state was, via a GAP domain mediated interaction, localised together with GRAF1 on accumulated internal structures derived from the cell surface. Correlative fluorescence and electron tomography microscopy revealed that these structures were clusters of small membrane carriers affected in their endosomal processing. We conclude that a transient interaction between Cdc42 and GRAF1 drives endocytic turnover and controls the transition essential for endosomal maturation of plasma membrane internalised by this mechanism.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 128, no 22, 4183-4195 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Cell Biology
Research subject Medical Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111228DOI: 10.1242/jcs.174417ISI: 000366314900017PubMedID: 26446261OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-111228DiVA: diva2:868499