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Close proximity to busy roads increases the prevalence and onset of cardiac disease - Results from RHINE Tartu
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
2015 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 129, no 10, 1398-1405 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To analyze whether living close to a busy road would increase the risk of having cardiac disease and hypertension.

STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cross-sectional study.

METHODS: We used cross-sectional longitudinal questionnaire data from the RHINE study for Tartu in 2000/2001 and 2011/2012. Home addresses of the respondents were geocoded and traffic data obtained from annually conducted traffic counts in Tartu. Relationships between proximity to a busy road and self-reported cardiac disease and hypertension were analyzed with multiple logistic regression.

RESULTS: In terms of total traffic (≥10,000 vehicles per day) within a 150-m zone of a busy road, the odds ratio (OR) for prevalence of cardiac disease was significant in 2000/2001 (1.91, 95% CI 1.15-3.16) and 2011/2012 (1.58, 95% CI 1.01-2.47). Prevalence of hypertension was significant only in 2011/2012 (1.61, 95% CI 1.08-2.39). In terms of heavy duty vehicle traffic (≥500 vehicles per day) within a 150-m zone in 2000/2001, the OR was 1.52 (95% CI 1.04-2.24) and 1.49 (95% CI 1.02-2.17) respectively for the prevalence of cardiac disease and hypertension. In 2011/2012 no significant relationship between heavy duty vehicle traffic and cardiac disease or hypertension was found. We also saw a significant relationship between total traffic and the onset of cardiac disease (OR = 2.04, 95% CI 1.07-3.87).

CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that living closer than 150 m to a busy road can increase the odds of having cardiac disease and hypertension, which should be taken into account in city planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 129, no 10, 1398-1405 p.
Keyword [en]
Traffic proximity, Cardiac disease, Odds ratio, Prevalence, Onset
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111240DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2015.07.029ISI: 000364536100012PubMedID: 26298587OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-111240DiVA: diva2:868571
Available from: 2015-11-11 Created: 2015-11-11 Last updated: 2015-12-07Bibliographically approved

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