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Performance and presence with head-movement produced motion parallax in simulated driving
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2015 (English)In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 34, 54-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Driving simulator studies can reveal relevant and valid aspects of driving behavior, but underestimation of distance and speed can negatively affect the driver's performance, such as in performance of overtaking. One possible explanation for the underestimation of distance and speed is that two-dimensional projection of the visual scene disrupts the monocular-based illusory depth because of conflicting binocular and monocular information of depth. A possible solution might involve the strengthening of the monocular information so that the binocular information becomes less potent. In the present study, we used an advanced high-fidelity driving simulator to investigate whether adding the visual depth information of motion parallax from head movement affects sense of presence, judgment of distance and speed, and performance measures coupled with overtaking. The simulations included two types of driving scenario in which one was urban and the other was rural. The main results show no effect of this head-movement produced motion parallax on sense of presence, head movement, time to collision, distance judgment, or speed judgment. However, the results show an effect on lateral positioning. When initiating the overtaking maneuver there is a lateral positioning farther away from the road center as effect of the motion parallax in both types of scenario, which can be interpreted as indicating use of naturally occurring information that change behavior at overtaking. Nevertheless, only showing tendencies of effects, absent is any clear additional impact of this motion parallax in the simulated driving.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 34, 54-64 p.
Keyword [en]
Driving simulation, Simulator validity, Motion parallax, Head movement
National Category
Psychology Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111154DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2015.07.013ISI: 000362917500005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-111154DiVA: diva2:868661
Available from: 2015-11-11 Created: 2015-11-06 Last updated: 2015-11-11Bibliographically approved

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Palmqvist, LisaNordin, Steven
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Department of Psychology
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