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Raspberry inflicts associational susceptibility to meadowsweet in a complex food web
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2015 (English)In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, ISSN 0013-8703, E-ISSN 1570-7458, Vol. 157, no 1, 68-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Meadowsweet [Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim. (Rosaceae)] has previously been reported to enjoy associational resistance in mixed populations with purple loosestrife [Lythrum salicaria L. (Lythraceae)] due to a shared hymenopteran parasitoid that provides top-down control of herbivory. Here, we report that meadowsweet suffers associational susceptibility in mixed populations with raspberry [Rubus idaeus L. (Rosaceae)] due to a shared herbivore, the raspberry flea beetle [Batophila rubi (Paykull) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)]. Close to raspberry (less than 0.5 m), herbivory on meadowsweet often reached 20-25%, whereas further away (1.5-2 m) herbivory was almost always 0%. We especially highlight the different scales at which the opposing associational effects occur. The shared parasitoid forages throughout entire populations, making the level of population the focal scale of the associational resistance. The shared herbivore, however, spills over from raspberry to neighboring meadowsweets only, making the distance to individual raspberry plants the focal scale for associational susceptibility for meadowsweet. We conclude that different co-occurring plant species can mediate opposing associational effects on a focal host plant by altering the abundance and composition of herbivores and parasitoids, respectively, resulting in multiple selection layers to the geographic mosaic of herbivory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. Vol. 157, no 1, 68-73 p.
Keyword [en]
associational resistance, apparent competition, spillover, herbivory, spatial scale, Filipendula ulmaria, bus idaeus, Batophila rubi, Skeppsvik archipelago, Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae
National Category
Ecology Botany
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111149DOI: 10.1111/eea.12339ISI: 000362989300008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-111149DiVA: diva2:868879
Available from: 2015-11-12 Created: 2015-11-06 Last updated: 2015-11-12Bibliographically approved

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Ericson, Lars
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