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Cash transfer, risky sexual behaviours, and HIV prevention: A scoping review in the context of sub-Saharan Africa
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Recently cash transfer programmes have been discussed to help prevent HIV infection by reducing risky sexual behaviours in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the doubt on the necessity and characteristics of conditionality.

Aims: To review the effectiveness of unconditional cash transfers, incentive conditional cash transfers, and empowerment conditional cash transfers on changing sexual behaviours and the possibility of HIV prevention.

Method: A systematic search was performed to select experimental studies. Only 7 cash transfer programmes were identified. Data extracted into a table format for comparison between programmes and further discussion.

Findings: The effect on changing one’s sexual behaviours of unconditional and incentive cash transfer is still unclear and probably limited. Empowerment conditional cash transfer successfully reduces the young females’ sexual activities and involvement in high risk sexual relationships through empowering them. It is hoped that young males can also be included.

Conclusion: Empowerment conditional cash transfer programmes aiming at empower participants are encouraged to scale up and continue.

Recommendation: A systematic and multidimensional measurement shall be adopted in future when evaluating the impact of HIV prevention brought by cash transfer programmes. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 56 p.
, Centre fro Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341x ; 2015:50
Keyword [en]
cash transfer, conditionality, risky sexual behaviours, HIV prevention, STD prevention
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111541OAI: diva2:871489
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health
2015-10-05, Butajira, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 12:57 (English)
Available from: 2016-06-29 Created: 2015-11-15 Last updated: 2016-06-29Bibliographically approved

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