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Health impacts of anthropogenic biomass burning in the developed world
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Pulmonary Medicine.
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2015 (English)In: European Respiratory Journal, ISSN 0903-1936, E-ISSN 1399-3003, Vol. 46, no 6, 1577-1588 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change policies have stimulated a shift towards renewable energy sources such as biomass. The economic crisis of 2008 has also increased the practice of household biomass burning as it is often cheaper than using oil, gas or electricity for heating. As a result, household biomass combustion is becoming an important source of air pollutants in the European Union. This position paper discusses the contribution of biomass combustion to pollution levels in Europe, and the emerging evidence on the adverse health effects of biomass combustion products. Epidemiological studies in the developed world have documented associations between indoor and outdoor exposure to biomass combustion products and a range of adverse health effects. A conservative estimate of the current contribution of biomass smoke to premature mortality in Europe amounts to at least 40 000 deaths per year. We conclude that emissions from current biomass combustion products negatively affect respiratory and, possibly, cardiovascular health in Europe. Biomass combustion emissions, in contrast to emissions from most other sources of air pollution, are increasing. More needs to be done to further document the health effects of biomass combustion in Europe, and to reduce emissions of harmful biomass combustion products to protect public health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The European Respiratory Society , 2015. Vol. 46, no 6, 1577-1588 p.
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111551DOI: 10.1183/13993003.01865-2014ISI: 000366948700011PubMedID: 26405285OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-111551DiVA: diva2:871509
Available from: 2015-11-16 Created: 2015-11-16 Last updated: 2016-02-04Bibliographically approved

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Forsberg, BertilBlomberg, AndersBoman, Christoffer
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Occupational and Environmental MedicinePulmonary MedicineDepartment of Applied Physics and Electronics
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