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Enhancing fuel qualities of cassava crop residues by washing
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
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2015 (English)In: Fuel processing technology, ISSN 0378-3820, E-ISSN 1873-7188, Vol. 139, 127-134 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) stems, being waste residues after harvesting starchy roots, are a potential bio-fuel resource. However high concentrations of ash and elements Cl, K, etc. in the stems may cause severe deposition, corrosion and particle emissions, in addition to slagging during combustion. This study tests washing by water as a pretreatment to reduce the problems. A 3-level full factorial designed experiment was conducted with washing time (<1800 s) and temperature (20-40 degrees C) as factors and fuel characteristics as responses. The effect of milling particle size was also examined in a supplementary experiment. After washing, the net calorific value of the biomass tended to be higher, though not significant. Both washing time and temperature increased C but decreased H, while N and S content decreased with time only. A short washing of 50s decreased the ash content by approximately 50% and Cl around 75%, followed by K and P that decreased to 50% after 5 min. Smaller milling size resulted in a larger amount of starch washed away, but no significant change in content of total ash and individual elements, except for Cl which was significantly higher in the smaller particles. The effect of washing on the ash composition is visualized in a ternary diagram, showing that the risk for slagging and fine particle emissions is reduced. A reduction in the risk of corrosion is also predicted as indicated by a relatively higher ratio of S/Cl and lower Cl/(K + Na). Thus, in addition to extraction of starch, the washing can also improve fuel quality of the residual biomass. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 139, 127-134 p.
Keyword [en]
Biomass property, Biomass refining, Ash composition, Thermal conversion, Chlorine, Potassium
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-110985DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2015.06.052ISI: 000362619200016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-110985DiVA: diva2:872292
Available from: 2015-11-18 Created: 2015-11-02 Last updated: 2015-11-18Bibliographically approved

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Boström, Dan
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Department of Applied Physics and Electronics
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