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Bayesian Structural Equation Modeling in Sport and Exercise Psychology
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Centrum för Forskning om Välfärd, Hälsa och Idrott, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden; Department of Psychology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
Centrum för Forskning om Välfärd, Hälsa och Idrott, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science and the Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP), ISSN 0895-2779, E-ISSN 1543-2904, Vol. 37, no 4, 410-420 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bayesian statistics is on the rise in mainstream psychology, but applications in sport and exercise psychology research are scarce. In this article, the foundations of Bayesian analysis are introduced, and we will illustrate how to apply Bayesian structural equation modeling in a sport and exercise psychology setting. More specifically, we contrasted a confirmatory factor analysis on the Sport Motivation Scale II estimated with the most commonly used estimator, maximum likelihood, and a Bayesian approach with weakly informative priors for cross-loadings and correlated residuals. The results indicated that the model with Bayesian estimation and weakly informative priors provided a good fit to the data, whereas the model estimated with a maximum likelihood estimator did not produce a well-fitting model. The reasons for this discrepancy between maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation are discussed as well as potential advantages and caveats with the Bayesian approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2015. Vol. 37, no 4, 410-420 p.
Keyword [en]
Bayesian analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, informative priors, maximum likelihood, Sport Motivation Scale II
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111512DOI: 10.1123/jsep.2014-0330ISI: 000363091900005PubMedID: 26442771OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-111512DiVA: diva2:874659
Available from: 2015-11-27 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2015-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Stenling, Andreas
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