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Primary ELT: trends and issues
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
2016 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of English Language Teaching / [ed] Graham Hall, Abingdon: Routledge , 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter traces the development of primary ELT, highlighting the socio-political nature of shifts in choice of languages and decisions for an earlier start. Recent global trends discussed include: contemporary pedagogical approaches, different models of provision (including bilingualism and primary CLIL), digital technologies and new patterns of pre-school ELT provision in some contexts. Current issues discussed include: the frequency and continuity of provision across school phases, insufficient teacher provision in some countries, gaps in the quality of teacher expertise and in the design of curricula in some regions of the world.


Overall, the chapter presents a picture confirming the need for a lengthy period of consolidation in primary ELT if a stable quality of provision is to be achieved. Research to establish clearer understandings of what outcomes are possible under the conditions defined by particular models of delivery would provide valuable guidance of policy makers, text book authors, schools and parents. The chapter concludes by reminding readers of the fluctuating nature for language choices over time, signalling global migration as one possible factor that many increase demand for primary ELT, while also noting that changed circumstances may result in unpredictable new directions for primary ELT in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge , 2016.
Keyword [en]
ELT; primary; pre-primary; trends; issues
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
language teaching and learning
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112090OAI: diva2:875801
Available from: 2015-12-01 Created: 2015-12-01 Last updated: 2015-12-01

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