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Allvarlig silikos finns fortfarande i Sverige
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
2015 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 112, no 49, DL7FArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Silikos orsakas av kvarts och kan inte botas, bara förebyggas. Vid tidiga tecken på sjukdomen kan avbruten exponering minska risken för att sjukdomen blir allvarlig. Stora insatser gjordes i Sverige för att eliminera sjukdomen under mitten av 1900-talet. Trots detta angavs silikos som bidragande eller underliggande dödsorsak hos 70 män och 1 kvinna mellan 2007 och 2012. Bearbetning av berg i stenindustri eller gruva var de vanligaste arbetsmiljöerna för dessa fall. Alla personer utom tre var födda i Sverige. Studien visar att arbetsmiljön i Sverige fortfarande kan innebära en risk för allvarlig silikos. Risken förebyggs bäst genom noggrann kontroll av dammhalterna.

Abstract [en]

Many measures have been taken in Sweden to eliminate the occurrence of serious silicosis. However, between 1997 and 2013 there were 111 deaths with silicosis as underlying cause, 110 men and 1 woman. In most cases the deceased was rather old; only fourteen persons were below 74 years of age. We have studied the exposure between 2007 and 2012 in the 71 persons who died of silicosis as underlying or contributing cause through medical records. We could find information regarding 48 of them. Ten persons worked in mines, 10 in stone industry, 14 with crushing or blasting of rock, 4 in foundries, 3 were concrete workers and 7 suffered exposure in other industries. The study shows that the measures taken in Sweden have not been sufficient to totally eliminate serious silicosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sveriges läkarförbund , 2015. Vol. 112, no 49, DL7F
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112103PubMedID: 26625101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-112103DiVA: diva2:875832
Available from: 2015-12-02 Created: 2015-12-02 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Järvholm, Bengt

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