Aortic root, not valve, calcification correlates with coronary artery calcification in patients with severe aortic stenosis: a two-center study
2015 (English)In: Atherosclerosis, ISSN 0021-9150, E-ISSN 1879-1484, Vol. 243, no 2, 631-637 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: The underlying pathology in aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery stenosis (CAS) is similar including atherosclerosis and calcification. We hypothesize that coronary artery calcification (CAC) is likely to correlate with aortic root calcification (ARC) rather than with aortic valve calcification (AVC), due to tissue similarity between the two types of vessel rather than with the valve leaflet tissue.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 212 consecutive patients (age 72.5 ± 7.9 years, 91 females) with AS requiring aortic valve replacement (AVR) in two Heart Centers, who underwent multidetector cardiac CT preoperatively. CAC, AVC and ARC were quantified using Agatston scoring. Correlations were tested by Spearman's test and Mann-Whitney U-test was used for comparing different subgroups; bicuspid (BAV) vs tricuspid (TAV) aortic valve.
RESULTS: CAC was present in 92%, AVC in 100% and ARC in 82% of patients. CAC correlated with ARC (rho = 0.51, p < 0.001) but not with AVC. The number of calcified coronary arteries correlated with ARC (rho = 0.45, p < 0.001) but not with AVC. 29/152 patients had echocardiographic evidence of BAV and 123 TAV, who were older (p < 0.001) but CAC was associated with TAV even after adjusting for age (p = 0.01). AVC score was associated with BAV after adjusting for age (p = 0.03) but ARC was not. Of the total cohort, 82 patients (39%) had significant coronary stenosis (>50%), but these were not different in the pattern of calcification from those without CAS. CAC was consistently higher in patients with risk factors for atherosclerosis compared to those without.
CONCLUSION: The observed relationship between coronary and aortic root calcification suggests a diffuse arterial disease. The lack of relationship between coronary and aortic valve calcification suggests a different pathology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 243, no 2, 631-637 p.
coronary artery calcification, family history of premature coronary heart disease, Parents, Siblings, ronary calcium score
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Research subject Medicine, cardiovascular disease
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112216DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.10.014ISI: 000366534100041PubMedID: 26551591OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-112216DiVA: diva2:876535