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Sex or gender? Conceptual confusion is common.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
Queens University, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciencies, Kingstone, Ontario, Canada.
2015 (English)In: Hypertension News. Web Journal for International Society of Hypertension., no 12, 13-14 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

When researchers study sex or gender differences in health outcomes they often find significant disparities. But what do sex or gender actually mean and measure? The simplest answer is to consider that all subjects are either women or men and to group them accordingly. Historically differences between the women and men were thought to arise from biology, reproductive organs, hormones or biological processes. This is what the term 'sex' generally means. The division between sex and gender in social science research developed in the 1960s. The split highlighted the need to move beyond a narrow focus on biology and recognize that socioeconomic conditions and cultural norms also shape and constrain education, career choices, salaries, and health. The term, gender refers to social aspects of being a man and woman, features that are formed in relation to upbringing, conditions in daily life, norms and culture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Society of Hypertension , 2015. no 12, 13-14 p.
Keyword [en]
gender, sex, terminology
National Category
Family Medicine
Research subject
Medicine, cardiovascular disease
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112311OAI: diva2:877151
Available from: 2015-12-05 Created: 2015-12-05 Last updated: 2016-01-07Bibliographically approved

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