The final two steps in the dmp operon-encoded meta-cleavage pathway for phenol degradation in Pseudomonas sp. strain CF600 involve conversion of 4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate to pyruvate and acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) by the enzymes 4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase and aldehyde dehydrogenase (acylating) [acetaldehyde:NAD+ oxidoreductase (CoA acetylating), EC 220.127.116.11]. A procedure for purifying these two enzyme activities to homogeneity is reported here. The two activities were found to copurify through five different chromatography steps and ammonium sulfate fractionation, resulting in a preparation that contained approximately equal proportions of two polypeptides with molecular masses of 35 and 40 kDa. Amino-terminal sequencing revealed that the first six amino acids of each polypeptide were those deduced from the previously determined nucleotide sequences of the corresponding dmp operon-encoded genes. The isolated complex had a native molecular mass of 148 kDa, which is consistent with the presence of two of each polypeptide per complex. In addition to generating acetyl-CoA from acetaldehyde, CoA, and NAD+, the dehydrogenase was shown to acylate propionaldehyde, which would be generated by action of the meta-cleavage pathway enzymes on the substrates 3,4-dimethylcatechol and 4-methylcatechol. 4-Hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase activity was stimulated by the addition of Mn2+ and, surprisingly, NADH to assay mixtures. The possible significance of the close physical association between these two polypeptides in ensuring efficient metabolism of the short-chain aldehyde generated by this pathway is discussed.
1993. Vol. 175, no 2