In vivo and in vitro effects of integration host factor at the DmpR-regulated sigma(54)-dependent Po promoter.
2001 (English)In: Journal of Bacteriology, ISSN 0021-9193, E-ISSN 1098-5530, Vol. 183, no 9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Transcription from the Pseudomonas CF600-derived sigma(54)-dependent promoter Po is controlled by the aromatic-responsive activator DmpR. Here we examine the mechanism(s) by which integration host factor (IHF) stimulates DmpR-activated transcriptional output of the Po promoter both in vivo and in vitro. In vivo, the Po promoter exhibits characteristics that typify many sigma(54)-dependent promoters, namely, a phasing-dependent tolerance with respect to the distance from the regulator binding sites to the distally located RNA polymerase binding site, and a strong dependence on IHF for optimal promoter output. IHF is shown to affect transcription via structural repercussions mediated through binding to a single DNA signature located between the regulator and RNA polymerase binding sites. In vitro, using DNA templates that lack the regulator binding sites and thus bypass a role of IHF in facilitating physical interaction between the regulator and the transcriptional apparatus, IHF still mediates a DNA binding-dependent stimulation of Po transcription. This stimulatory effect is shown to be independent of previously described mechanisms for the effects of IHF at sigma(54) promoters such as aiding binding of the regulator or recruitment of sigma(54)-RNA polymerase via UP element-like DNA. The effect of IHF could be traced to promotion and/or stabilization of open complexes within the nucleoprotein complex that may involve an A+T-rich region of the IHF binding site and promoter-upstream DNA. Mechanistic implications are discussed in the context of a model in which IHF binding results in transduction of DNA instability from an A+T-rich region to the melt region of the promoter.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 183, no 9
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112324DOI: 10.1128/JB.183.9.2842-2851.2001PubMedID: 11292804OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-112324DiVA: diva2:877245