Impact of a borrowing deposit-feeder, Monoporeia affinis, on viable zooplankton resting eggs in the northern Baltic Sea
2000 (English)In: Marine Biology, ISSN 0025-3162, E-ISSN 1432-1793, Vol. 136, no 4, 611-619 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
We investigated the effect of different densities of the burrowing deposit-feeding amphipod Monoporeia affinis on the potential for recruitment of zooplankton from benthic resting eggs. Hatching of resting eggs was induced in the laboratory on sliced and resuspended 1-cm depth-sections of sediment cores, collected at six stations ill an archipelago area of the Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Sea. The uppermost 5 cm of the sediment was studied. The most common species that hatched was Eurytemor affinis (Copepoda). Individuals from another copepod genus, Acartia, hatched in significant numbers only in the cores from two stations with low amphipod abundance. Cores from stations with high amphipod densities showed a deeper distribution of emerging E. affinis nauplii compared with stations with few amphipods: the oxidised sediment layer was also deeper at high M. affinis densities than at low. Total (0 to 5 cm strata pooled) number of hatched E. affinis nauplii was independent of amphipod density. This indicates that the effect of M. affinis on E. affinis eggs involves deeper burial due to bioturbation, rather than predation. Decreased benthic recruitment of zooplankton at localities with high M. affinis density is suggested, since more deeply positioned eggs are less likely to hatch. When hatching was induced in intact, non-sliced cores from one station, the number of E. affinis nauplii that hatched was on average 43% of the number that hatched in the upper centimetre of the sliced cores from the same station. This fraction (43%), if applied to the other stations, implied a potential for benthic recruitment of up to 80000 ind m(-2) for E. affinis. Due to its high abundance, M. affinis is likely to greatly reduce benthic recruitment of zooplankton in this system.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umea Univ, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci, S-90187 Umea, Sweden., 2000. Vol. 136, no 4, 611-619 p.
Calanoid copepod eggs, amphipods, pontoporeia affinis, vertical distribution, environmental factors, planktonic copepods, diapause eggs, population dynamics, coastal waters, sediments, bay
Research subject Animal Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112589DOI: 10.1007/s002270050721ISI: 000087524100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-112589DiVA: diva2:881458