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Active commuting behaviors in a Nordic metropolitan setting in relation to modality, gender, and health recommendations
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Stockholm SE-114 86, Sweden .
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 12, no 12, 15626-15648 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Active commuting between home and place of work or study is often cited as an interestingsource of physical activity in a public health perspective. However, knowledge about these behaviorsis meager. This was therefore studied in adult active commuters (n = 1872) in Greater Stockholm,Sweden, a Nordic metropolitan setting. They received questionnaires and individually adjustedmaps to draw their normal commuting route. Three different modality groups were identified in menand women: single-mode cyclists and pedestrians (those who only cycle or walk, respectively) anddual-mode commuters (those who alternately walk or cycle). Some gender differences were observedin trip distances, frequencies, and velocities. A large majority of the commuting trip durations met theminimum health recommendation of at least 10-minute-long activity bouts. The median single-modepedestrians and dual-mode commuters met or were close to the recommended weekly physicalactivity levels of at least 150 minutes most of the year, whereas the single-mode cyclists did so onlyduring spring–mid-fall. A high total number of trips per year (range of medians: 230–390) adds tothe value in a health perspective. To fully grasp active commuting behaviors in future studies, bothwalking and cycling should be assessed over different seasons and ideally over the whole year.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
M D P I AG , 2015. Vol. 12, no 12, 15626-15648 p.
Keyword [en]
walking, bicycling, commuting, distance, duration, velocity, frequency, seasonality, modality
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health Ecology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112671DOI: 10.3390/ijerph121215008ISI: 000367539000052OAI: diva2:881782
Available from: 2015-12-11 Created: 2015-12-11 Last updated: 2016-03-08Bibliographically approved

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