Metabolic fingerprinting reveals differences between northern and southern strains of the cryptic diatom Chaetoceros socialis
2012 (English)In: European Journal of Phycology, Vol. 47, no 4, 480-489 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Morphology and molecular phylogeny constitute the structural elements of diatom taxonomy. These approaches do not, however, give information on the functioning of taxa. Additional methods to serve a more integrated and wide-ranging taxonomy have therefore been called for. Metabolic fingerprinting is one approach used within the field of metabolomics, often applied in classification of samples. Here we apply metabolic fingerprinting in a taxonomic study of a cryptic diatom species. Strains of the cosmopolitan diatom <I>Chaetoceros socialis</I> from two geographical areas; the north-east Atlantic and Arctic and the Gulf of Naples, were cultivated at three different temperatures; 2.5, 8 and 13°C. The strains from the two different geographical areas exhibited different growth rates as well as different photosynthetic efficiencies. Algal extracts, collected at the end of the growth experiments, were analysed by Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. The two groups of strains were separated by principal component analysis of their metabolic fingerprints. Analysis of the data revealed both qualitative and quantitative differences in metabolite markers. These phenotypic differences reinforce differences also found for morphology, phylogenetic markers and growth rates, and point at different adaptive characteristics in organisms living under different temperature regimes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 47, no 4, 480-489 p.
biogeography, Chaetoceros socialis, cryptic diversity, diatoms, high performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, metabolic fingerprinting, physiology, phytoplankton, taxonomy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112694DOI: 10.1080/09670262.2012.741714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-112694DiVA: diva2:882201