umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Health and ageing in Nairobi's informal settlements-evidence from the International Network for the Demographic Evaluation of Populations and Their Health (INDEPTH): a cross sectional study
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0556-1483
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, artikel-id 1231Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Much of the focus on population ageing has been in high-income counties. Relatively less attention is given to the world's poorest region, Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where children and adolescents still comprise a high proportion of the population. Yet the number of adults aged 60-plus in SSA is already twice that in northern Europe. In addition, SSA is experiencing massive rural to urban migration with consequent expansion of informal urban settlements, or slums, whose health problems are usually unrecognised and not addressed. This study aims to improve understanding of functional health and well-being in older adult slum-dwellers in Nairobi (Kenya).

METHODS: The study sample comprised men and women, aged 50 years and over, living in Korogocho and Viwandani, Nairobi, Kenya (n = 1,878). Data from the International Network for the Demographic Evaluation of Populations and Their Health (INDEPTH) and the WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE Wave 1) were analysed. The prevalence of poor self-reported quality of life (QoL) and difficulties in domain-specific function is estimated by age and sex. Logistic regression investigates associations between difficulties in the domains of function and poor QoL, adjusting for age, sex and socio-demographic factors. Statistical significance is set at P<0.05.

RESULTS: Women reported poorer QoL and greater functional difficulties than men in all domains except self-care. In the multivariable logistic regression the odds of poor QoL among respondents with problems or difficulties in relation to affect (OR = 7.0; 95%CI = 3.0-16.0), pain/discomfort (OR = 3.6; 95%CI = 2.3-5.8), cognition (OR = 1.8; 95 %CI = 1.2-2.9) and mobility (OR = 1.8; 95%CI = 1.1-2.8) were statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings underscore differences in the domains of functional health that encapsulate women and men's capacities to perform regular activities and the impact of poor functioning on QoL. Investing in the health and QoL of older people in SSA will be crucial in helping the region to realise key development goals and in opening opportunities for improved health outcomes and sustainable economic development.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 15, artikel-id 1231
Nyckelord [en]
Functional health, Domains of health, Quality of life, Informal settlements, Slums, Ageing, Aging, Nairobi, Kenya, Africa
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112840DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-2556-xISI: 000366103500001PubMedID: 26652252OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-112840DiVA, id: diva2:882909
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-16 Skapad: 2015-12-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-07Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(1054 kB)566 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 1054 kBChecksumma SHA-512
5ae4975d08299a6280870b71292b456429d3f39ef474743e573005554cb0e68bc7b7345dc42260fea6f318ee28c9d362f195f4d87251b2696f063f7c81df8fd3
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMed

Personposter BETA

Ng, NawiStewart Williams, Jennifer

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Ng, NawiStewart Williams, Jennifer
Av organisationen
Epidemiologi och global hälsaEnheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR)
I samma tidskrift
BMC Public Health
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 566 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 164 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf