Diet and Caries in 3-year-old Children in Northern Sweden
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The objective was to investigate the relationships between carbohydrate intakes, amounts of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli and caries prevalence in 3-year-old children. Data was collected from 144 children who participated in the MamBa-study and who attended the regular oral examination at the nearest Public Dental Clinic. Samples of saliva and dental plaque were collected, dental caries was registered and food questionnaires were answered by the caregivers of the children. The bacteria were cultured and the colonies counted (CFU/ml). The food questionnaires focused on the amount and intake frequencies of foods containing sugar, and the data was then compiled and analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics 21. The level of significance was set to p <0.05. The mean amounts of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli as well as the total cell counts were higher for girls than for boys. Significant differences were seen between sugar intake and amount of mutans streptococci (p <0.001), and between amount of mutans streptococci and caries prevalence (p <0.001). No significant difference could be seen between sugar intake and caries prevalence (p =0.676). The amount and frequency of the intake of foods and products containing sugar are essential to the increase in mutans streptococci, which in turn plays a substantial role in caries development in young children. It is important for the dental professional to help parents early on in establishing a healthy lifestyle and dietary habits for their children. This in order to impede caries development in young years as well as later in life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-113636DiVA: diva2:886222
Lif Holgersson, Pernilla