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Does Caries Prevalence Correlate to Caries Risk in Adolescents on a Community Level?
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

An increasing geographical polarization of caries is seen among children and adolescents. Attitudes, lifestyle, socioeconomics, knowledge and use of fluorides are factors of significance for the dental health. The aim of this study was to assess selected risk factors and risk indicators for caries in adolescents from different parts of the county Halland with contrasting levels of caries.

One hundred sixty-one adolescent in 9th grade in four public schools in Laholm (South) and Kungsbacka (North) were invited to participate. They were asked to fill in a questionnaire with 26 questions concerning oral health, attitudes, lifestyle and knowledge. Data were computerized in SPSS.

In South the adolescents had more experience of dental care, more dental fear, a higher consumption of juice and used more fluoride tablets. In North the adolescents where more likely to choose natural science program, had learned to take care of their teeth by their parents and had received less orthodontic treatment. Knowledge about oral health between the two areas did not differ. In North the fluoride concentration in the piped drinking water was approximately 1.0 ppm while the corresponding value in South was < 0.3 ppm.

In conclusion, the caries risk was higher in South with lower fluoride content in the piped drinking water and a higher consumption of fruit juice and lemonades and this was reflected in a higher caries experience. The consumption of sugary between meal products did not differ. Additionally, the adolescents in South reported more dental fear and orthodontic treatment were more common.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113638OAI: diva2:886252
Educational program
Dentistry Programme
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2016-02-08Bibliographically approved

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