The role of the forest in an integrated assessment model of the climate and the economy
2015 (English)In: Climate Change Economics, ISSN 2010-0078, E-ISSN 2010-0086, Vol. 6, no 3, 1550011Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
This paper develops the FOR-DICE model to explore the potential role of the global forest in reducing climate change. It presents a basic framework for assessing the boreal, tropical, and temperate forests as both a source of renewable energy and a resource to sequester and store carbon. The focus of the paper is to explore whether climate policies should focus on increasing the forest biomass, to sequester and store carbon, or on increasing the use of the forest biomass as a source of energy, to substitute fossil fuels. The paper shows that the global forest can play an important role in reducing atmospheric carbon. The main finding at the global level is that it is better to increase the forest biomass rather than increase the use of forest bioenergy. The reason for this is that the decrease in forest carbon stock created by increased bioenergy harvests is not offset by avoided fossil fuel emissions. This finding suggests that setting high bioenergy targets, without considering the dynamics of the forest stock and the efficiency of bioenergy, will be detrimental to climate change mitigation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
World Scientific, 2015. Vol. 6, no 3, 1550011
Climate change, forest carbon sequestration, integrated assessment model
Economics and Business Climate Research Forest Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113756DOI: 10.1142/S2010007815500116ISI: 000365766400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-113756DiVA: diva2:889700