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Risk factors for reoperation due to chronic groin postherniorrhaphy pain
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
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2015 (English)In: Hernia, ISSN 1265-4906, E-ISSN 1248-9204, Vol. 19, no 6, 863-869 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Chronic groin postherniorrhaphy pain (CGPP) is common and sometimes so severe that surgical treatment is necessary. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for being reoperated due to CGPP. All 195,707 repairs registered in the Swedish Hernia Register between 1999 and 2011 were included in the study. Out of these, 28,947 repairs were excluded since they were registered as procedures on the same patient after a previous repair. Age, gender, hernia anatomy (indirect reference), method of repair (anterior sutured repair reference) and postoperative complications were included in a multivariate Cox analysis with reoperation due to CGPP as endpoint. Of the patients included in the study cohort, 218 (0.13 %) later underwent reoperation due to CGPP, including 31 (14 %) women. Median age at the primary repair was 61.5 years. Risk factors for being reoperated were age < median [hazard ratio (HR) 3.03, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 2.22-4.12], female gender (HR 2.13, CI 1.41-3.21), direct hernia (HR 1.35, CI 1.003-1.81), other hernia (HR 6.03, CI 3.08-11.79), Lichtenstein repair (HR 2.22, CI 1.16-4.25), plug repair (HR 3.93, CI 1.96-7.89), other repair (HR 2.58, CI 1.08-6.19), bilateral repair (HR 2.58, CI 1.43-4.66) and postoperative complication (HR 4.40, CI 3.25-5.96). Risk factors for being reoperated due to CGPP in this cohort included low age, female gender, a direct hernia, a previous Lichtenstein or plug repair, bilateral repair and postoperative complications. Further research on how to avoid CGPP and explore the effectiveness of surgery for CGPP is necessary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015. Vol. 19, no 6, 863-869 p.
Keyword [en]
Groin hernia repair, Chronic pain, Risk factors, Reoperation
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113720DOI: 10.1007/s10029-015-1408-zISI: 000365709400002PubMedID: 26238397OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-113720DiVA: diva2:890062
Available from: 2015-12-30 Created: 2015-12-28 Last updated: 2015-12-30Bibliographically approved

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Gunnarsson, Ulf
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Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences
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