Psychobiological personality dimensions in two environmental-illness patient groups
2005 (English)In: Clinical Oral Investigations, ISSN 1432-6981, E-ISSN 1436-3771, Vol. 9, no 4, 251-256 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The aim of the present study was to investigate the psychobiological personality dimensions in two subgroups of patients with environmental illness (EI). Fifty-nine patients, 34 women and 25 men (aged 32-69 years), were referred for symptoms allegedly caused by abnormal sensitivity to either dental fillings (DF; n=26) or electromagnetic fields (EMF; n=33). For the evaluation of personality, the Swedish 238-item version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used. Compared with a control group, the EMF group scored higher on the temperament dimension Persistence. The DF group scored higher on the TCI subscales Harm Avoidance (fatigability and asthenia) and Self-Directedness (self-acceptance). Women scored higher than men did on the Novelty Seeking and Reward Dependence (RD) dimensions in the DF group and on RD in the control group, indicating an inherited gender difference. No differences were found between men and women in the EMF group. Our results indicate that the high level of persistence found in the EMF group and the high level of fatigability and asthenia in combination with high self-acceptance found in the DF group represent vulnerable personalities. No significant differences were found between the two patient groups, indicating that these groups are quite similar regarding personality. This vulnerability can be expressed as various mental and somatic symptoms, which can be interpreted as El symptoms by the affected individual.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 9, no 4, 251-256 p.
dental fillings, electromagnetic fields, environmental illness, character, personality, temperament
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113828DOI: 10.1007/s00784-005-0015-2ISI: 000234471600006PubMedID: 16215748OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-113828DiVA: diva2:890656