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Explaining social work practice: the CAIMeR theory
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5867-234X
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2015 (English)In: Social work research: Volume 2, Decisions about research strategy / [ed] Ian F. Shaw, Mark Hardy, Jeanne C. Marsh, Sage Publications, 2015, p. 239-260Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Summary: This article presents the CAIMeR theory, consisting of a conceptual framework and a theoretical model, which can help explain how results in social work practice arise from interventions and its contextual contingencies. The theory has been developed over several years in connection with empirical studies, and together with social workers. Findings: The article starts from the meta-theoretical perspective critical realism and its notion of explanative knowledge as a stepping stone to open up the so-called black box. A fundamental concept in critical realism, generative mechanisms, is discussed and elaborated. Applications: The CAIMeR theory can be used in several contexts: social work practice, and for evaluation of social work, and, moreover, for organization development in social work. We argue that social workers, evaluators and decision-makers need accurate theory about the core activity (work with clients) within its contextual conditions. The CAIMeR theory pays attention to generative mechanisms at different levels, which is necessary if one wants to understand what is going on in a certain agency, and explain the results in a more qualified way. The theory can also be useful for researchers and university students that need a comprehensive explanative framework when studying phenomena in social work practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015. p. 239-260
Series
SAGE Library of Health and Social Welfare Series
Keywords [en]
critical realism, evaluation, explanation, social work theory
Keywords [sv]
Teori för socialt arbete
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-114535ISBN: 9781446295793 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-114535DiVA, id: diva2:896942
Note

Previously published in Journal of Social Work, 10(1) (2010): 98-119

Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-22 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved

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Blom, BjörnMorén, Stefan

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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Output format
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