umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Nanomapping and speciation of C and Ca in thermally treated lignocellulosic cell walls using scanning transmission X-ray microscopy and K-edge XANES
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, E-ISSN 1873-7153, Vol. 167, 149-157 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

The carbon matrix in cell walls of lignocellulosic plants has high recalcitrance to chemical and biological decomposition. Thermal treatments, such as torrefaction and pyrolysis are therefore of interest to preprocess biomass. Reed canary grass (RCG) as biomass model was treated at 90, 300, 400 and 500 degrees C in N-2 atmosphere. The induced cell wall changes, especially for C and Ca and their speciation and nanomapping were studied using synchrotron based (1) scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) C 1s near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy, (2) STXM Ca K-edge NEXAFS, and (3) Ca K-edge X-ray absorption of near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy. Clusters of nano-based pixels having different spectral features were identified using principal component analysis of mosaics of C 1s NEXAFS images. At 300 degrees C there were only minor changes and peaks related to lignin were only slight reduced. At 400 degrees C, the chemical change was substantial and most resonances related to C-O and C-H functional groups declined considerably. Finally, at 500 degrees C there were two clusters indicating that the structural integrity of the cell wall was lost and aromatic C=C resonances related to quinones appeared. These results were confirmed by FT-IR. The nanomapping also indicated that Ca oxalate has a sub-micron particle size distribution, most sizes <200 nm. These may act as seed particles during combustion. Ca speciation according to Ca K-edge XANES showed that oxalate (CaC2O4) was the primary phase of Ca and thermal treatment induced minor Ca phase transition into butschliite (K2Ca(CO3)(2)) and hydroxyapatite (Ca-5(PO4)(3)OH).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 167, 149-157 p.
Keyword [en]
Reed canary grass (RCG), Recalcitrance, Torrefaction, Pyrolysis, Scanning transmission X-ray croscopy (STXM), PCA
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-114000DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2015.11.037ISI: 000366651400017Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84948432064OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-114000DiVA: diva2:897332
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-01-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Thyrel, MikaelBackman, Rainer
By organisation
Department of Applied Physics and Electronics
In the same journal
Fuel
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 129 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf