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Validation of the Edinburgh Gotland Depression Scale for Swedish fathers
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Paternal postnatal depression has begun to receive attention during the last decade. Studies have shown that the consequences of paternal and maternal postnatal depression are equally serious. There are currently no validated instrument for screening of paternal postnatal depression. In this cross-sectional study a self-report questionnaire, the Edinburgh Gotland Depression Scale (EGDS) is validated against the clinical interview SCID-CV as gold standard, and is further developed. A convenience sample of Swedish fathers (N = 95) who had children in the past year, answered an online questionnaire and a subsample (n = 52) of them were later interviewed with the SCID-CV. The revised EGDS showed improved criterion-related validity, sensitivity and specificity. The scale has problems disciminating between mildly and non-depressed fathers. A cut-off score of ≥8 on the revised EGDS results in sensitivity of 91.7 per cent and specificity of 85.0 per cent. This study should be replicated and cross-validated to provide further evidence of validity.

Abstract [sv]

Postnatal depression hos fäder har börjat uppmärksammas under det senaste decenniet. Studier har visat att konsekvenserna av postnatal depression hos fäder och mödrar är lika allvarliga. Det finns för närvarande inga validerade instrument för screening av postnatal depression hos fäder. I denna tvärsnittsstudie har självskattningsformuläret, Edinburgh Gotland Depression Scale (EGDS) valideras mot den kliniska intervjun SCID-CV som gold standard, och vidareutvecklas. Ett bekvämlighetsurval av svenska fäder (N = 95) som fått barn under det senaste året, besvarade en webbenkät och en undergrupp (n = 52) av dem blev senare intervjuade med SCID-CV. Det reviderade EGDS visade förbättrad kriteriumrelaterad validitet, sensitivitet och specificitet. Skalan har problem med att diskriminera mellan milt och icke-deprimerade pappor. En cut-off poäng ≥8 för den reviderade EGDS resulterar i sensitivitet på 91,7 procent och specificitet på 85,0 procent. Denna studie bör replikeras och korsvalideras för att ge ytterligare belägg för validiteten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Postnatal depression, postpartum depression, swedish fathers, screening, public health, mental health, validation, instrument development, self-report questionnaire, EGDS, Edinburgh Gotland Depression Scale, EPDS, Edinburgh Postnatal depression Scale, GMDS, Gotland Male Depression Scale
Keyword [sv]
Postnatal depression, postpartum depression, Förlossningsdepression, svenska fäder, screening, folkhälsa, mental hälsa, validering, instrument utveckling, självskattningsformulär, EGDS, Edinburgh Gotland Depression Scale, EPDS, Edinburgh Postnatal depression Scale, GMDS, Gotland Male Depression Scale
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-114678OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-114678DiVA: diva2:897483
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2016-01-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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