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Reciprocal Pleistocene origin and postglacial range formation of an allopolyploid and its sympatric ancestors (Androsace adfinis group, Primulaceae)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
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2009 (English)In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, ISSN 1055-7903, E-ISSN 1095-9513, Vol. 50, no 1, 74-83 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

The biogeographic history of polyploids and their lower-ploid ancestors is an important feature to achieve a better understanding of polyploid evolution. This is exemplified here using the ecologically congruent members of the Androsace adfinis group (Primulaceae) endemic to the southwestern European Alps. Employing relative genome size, AFLP fingerprint and chloroplast sequence haplotype data, we show that Androsace brigantiaca is a recent (probably no more than 0.2 million years) allopolyploid derivative of the geographically close A adfinis and A puberula, which formed reciprocally in a comparatively restricted area in the southern Southwestern Alps. Bayesian admixture analysis-also of artificial additive AFLP profiles-shows that the nuclear genome of A. brigantiaca is significantly biased towards the puberula-genome irrespective of maternal parentage. Nevertheless, there is no evidence for genetic interaction (hybridization, introgression) of A brigantiaca with either of its ancestors, including the widely sympatric A. puberula. Sympatry might be facilitated by ecological displacement on a local scale or might be a transitory phase on the way to competitive replacement via, for instance, polyploid superiority.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Press, 2009. Vol. 50, no 1, 74-83 p.
Keyword [en]
Androsace brigantiaca, Admixture, Allopolyploid, Phylogeography, Reciprocal origin
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Evolutionary Biology Genetics
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-116054DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.10.009ISI: 000262600900006PubMedID: 19013534OAI: diva2:901582
Available from: 2016-02-08 Created: 2016-02-08 Last updated: 2016-02-08Bibliographically approved

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Dixon, Christopher JWiedermann, Magdalena MSchneeweiss, Gerald M
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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
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