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Patienters upplevelse av preoperativ information gällande luftvägshantering samt postoperativa halsbesvär: En intervjustudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patient’s experiences of pre-operative information regarding air way management and post-operative throat inconvenience : An interview study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Information är en viktig del i anestesisjuksköterskans möte med patienten. Information som verktyg, syftar till en bättre omvårdnad och patientsäkerhet. Vid en sövning kontrolleras patienters luftväg och andning varvid halsont och heshet kan upplevas postoperativt. Postoperativt halsont och heshet är vanligt och drabbar flertalet patienter. Att ge preoperativ information om luftvägshantering samt eventuella postoperativa halsbesvär kan därför vara av betydelse för patienters välbefinnande.

Syfte: Att undersöka patienters upplevelser av preoperativ information gällande luftvägshantering samt postoperativa halsbesvär.

Metod: Kvalitativ intervjustudie. 8 semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes på patienter som opererats i generell anestesi.

Resultat: Intervjuerna resulterade i tre olika kategorier med respektive underkategorier. Känslor inför operation; i en stressad situation kände patienterna förtroende och tillit samt att lugn och trygghet ingavs. Vikten av att avväga informationsmängd; vissa upplevde för mycket information, andra för lite och det är viktigt med individanpassad information efter vad respektive patient vill veta. Informationssätt; hur, när och var information ges, påverkar patienterna, kontinuerlig och kortfattad information med möjlighet att få ställa frågor upplevs positivt.

Slutsats: Patienter är olika och reagerar olika på informationsmängd samt informationssätt. Det är därför viktigt att anpassa informationsmängden och ge individanpassad information format efter patienten. Att få ingående information om luftvägsförfarande upplevs av vissa som obehagligt. Information om postoperativa halsbesvär lugnar.

Abstract [en]

Background: Information is an important part of the nurse anesthetist’s encounterwith the patient. Information as a tool, aims for a better care and safety for the patient. During an anesthesia, the patients airway and breathing is controlled, wherein sore throat and hoarsness can occur post operative. Post operative sore throat and hoarsness are common and affect many patients. Giving preoperative information regarding airway management and probable postoperative sore throat inconvenience, can be of importance of the patients well-being.

Objectives: To analyze patients experiences of preoperative information regarding airway management and postoperative throat inconvenience.

Methods: Qualitative interviews study. 8 semi structured interviews, were conducted on patients who had been operated in general anesthesia.

Results: The interviews resulted in three different categories with respectively sub categories. Feelings before surgery; in a stressful situation the patients felt confidence and trust, and also that calm and safety were submitted. The importance of estimating amount of information; some experienced too much information, others too little and that it is important with personalized information, fitted for what each and other patient wants to know. Means of information; where, when and how the information is given, affects the patients. Continious and concised information, with opportunity to ask questions, is experienced as positive.

Conclusions: Patients are different and reacts different on the amount of information and means of information. It is therefor important to adjust the amount of information and to give personalized information suited for each and other patient. Given thorough information about airway management is experienced by some patients as unpleasant. Given information about postoperative throat inconvenience soothes.Keywords preoperative information; airway management; postoperative throatinconvenience; feelings; amount of information; means of information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
preoperative information, airway management, postoperative throat inconvenience, feelings, amount of information, means of information
Keyword [sv]
preoperativ information, luftvägshantering, postoperativa halsbesvär, känslor, informationsmängd, informationssätt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-116693OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-116693DiVA: diva2:902151
Subject / course
Magisterkurs i omvårdnad
Educational program
Graduate Programme in Anesthetic Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-29 Created: 2016-02-10 Last updated: 2016-02-29Bibliographically approved

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