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Suicide Risk Associated with Experience of Violence and Impulsivity in Alcohol Dependent Patients
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences.
2016 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 6, 19373Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Alcohol dependence (AD) and aggression-impulsivity are both associated with increased suicide risk. There is a need to evaluate clinical tools in order to improve suicide risk assessment of AD patients. The present study consisted of 95 individuals with a diagnosis of AD, consecutively admitted for addiction treatment, compared with 95 healthy controls. Suicidal risk was assessed together with exposure of violence and impulsivity. AD patients reported significantly higher rates of exposure to violence in childhood, as measured by the Karolinska Interpersonal Violence Scale (KIVS), compared to HC. Within the AD group, individuals with history of suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior reported higher levels of violence experience compared to AD individuals without such history. AD patients with previous suicidal ideation scored higher on self-reported impulsivity as assessed by the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS). Our main finding was that experience of trauma and expression of violent behavior, coupled with increased impulsivity are associated with an elevated suicide risk in AD patients. Future longitudinal studies assessing these traits are needed to evaluate their potential role in identifying AD patients at risk of future suicide.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 6, 19373
Keyword [en]
alcoholism, suicide
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-116075DOI: 10.1038/srep19373ISI: 000368330300002PubMedID: 26784730OAI: diva2:902236
Available from: 2016-02-10 Created: 2016-02-08 Last updated: 2016-02-10Bibliographically approved

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