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Pedagogisk dokumentation med iPad: Förstudie: Hur ett komplement till webbverktyget Dokufant kan se ut som iPad-applikation
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How an iPad application could facilitate documentation, evaluation and analysis in Swedish preschools (English)
Abstract [sv]

I den senaste uppdateringen av läroplanen för förskolan beskrivs en metod som kallas pedagogisk dokumentation. Denna metod förväntas förskollärare använda för att uppnå läroplanens uppsatta mål kring uppföljning, utvärdering och utveckling för förskoleverksamheten. Många upplever dock att den pedagogiska dokumentationen blir ytterligare en arbetsuppgift i en redan stressad situation.

Det här projektet utgör en förstudie för utvecklingen av en applikation för lärplatta vars syfte är att underlätta för förskollärare och minska den administrativa tiden för pedagogisk dokumentation. Resultatet av förstudien är en prototyp för en iPad-applikation med fokus på snabba dokumentationer och att göra barnen delaktiga i dokumentationsarbetet. Processen att skapa dokumentationer effektiviseras genom att använda enhetens inbyggda hårdvara samt erbjuda möjligheten att spara dokumentationer och media offline. Barnen involveras i dokumentationsarbetet genom egna profiler där material som berör dem samlas och där de själva kan lägga till bilder och spela in ljud.

Abstract [en]

The Swedish National Agency for Education has recently published an updated version of the preschools curriculum containing new guidelines for how preschool teachers are expected to work with documentation, follow-up, evaluation and analysis. However, preschool teachers experience frustration due to challenges such as insufficient amount of time to work according to these guidelines while acting as both caretakers and teachers for the children.

Dokufant is a digital web based tool facilitating documentation, follow-up, evaluation and analysis in preschool environments. It enables the teachers to document the pedagogical process and use the documentation as foundation for evaluation, follow-up and analysis. Although Dokufant resolves some of the issues causing the teachers' frustration, the solution does not fully address the time challenges perceived by teachers. This is where an application for iPad could come in handy.

This thesis is a pilot study of how an application for iPad could be developed to help preschool teachers work with the curriculum guidelines in an even more efficient way. The goal was to develop a prototype, as a complement to the web based tool Dokufant, which focuses on fast creation of documentation. It was also to enable the children to help in the documentation process and thus be a part of their own learning.

The findings of the thesis and the developed prototype application show that faster documentation is made possible thanks to the iPad hardware and the possibility to save material offline. A photograph can be taken with the iPad camera and will subsequently be saved to the Dokufant media library in an instant. If there is no internet connection when the photo is taken it will reside locally on the iPad until a connection is found. The same goes for documentation, which can be saved offline, and if they are not finished the teachers can continue to work with them later on the iPad or, after they have been uploaded, in the web tool on the computer. Unlike in the web tool, there are no settings to be made before starting documentation on the iPad. All settings can be set later which further accelerates the documentation process.

Children are made part of the documentation process through their own profiles where information concerning them is gathered. When the material is visible to them it opens up the possibility for a discussion on what they want to be documented and what they are interested in learning more about. Also the children can take photos with the iPads' camera directly from the app and record sound connected to the photo to tell their thoughts on why the photo was taken and what it captures.

This prototype, if developed into an iPad application, can help preschool teachers meet the demands of the curriculum without interfering with their job as caretakers and teachers for the children. it will not only speed up the documentation process, it will also encourage the children to play an active part of their own learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 170 p.
Keyword [en]
Preschool, Documentation, Evaluation, iPad, Dokufant
Keyword [sv]
Pedagogisk dokumentation, Lärplatta, Verksamhetsutveckling, iPad, Dokufant, Förskola
National Category
Interaction Technologies
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-116785OAI: diva2:902521
External cooperation
Codemill AB
Subject / course
Examensarbete i Interaktionsteknik och design
Educational program
Master of Science Programme in Interaction Technology and Design - Engineering
Available from: 2016-02-14 Created: 2016-02-11 Last updated: 2016-02-14Bibliographically approved

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